The Republic of Russia's principal port on the Arctic Ocean, the world's largest city above the Arctic Circle, with a population of 500,000.

The Murmansk harbor sits on the Kola Peninsula 30 miles from the Barents Sea and is ice-free all year due to the warm waters of the Gulf Stream.

Site of a teachers' institute, merchant marine training academy, a research facility for Arctic fisheries and oceanography, and base to Russia's northern navy fleet.

DATE OF TWINNING: July 14, 1975